Bangladesh is been placed in the 4th position for having a chunk of its population trapped in modern slavery with 1.53 million victims of forced labour, ranging from prostitution and begging, according to a new report, which estimated that nearly 46 million people are enslaved globally.
According to the 2016 Global Slavery Index released by Australia-based human rights group Walk Free Foundation today, an estimated 45.8 million people, including women and children, are subject to some form of modern slavery in the world, compared to 35.8 million in 2014. According to the index, India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Uzbekistan are the five countries whose numbers combined accounted for almost 58 per cent of the world’s enslaved, or 26.6 million people.
The Index presents a ranking of 167 countries based on the proportion of the population that is estimated to be in modern slavery
NDTV reports that India has the highest absolute numbers of people trapped in slavery with 18.35 million slaves among its 1.3 billion population while North Korea has the highest incidence (4.37 per cent of the population) and the weakest government response to deal with it. Behind India was China (3.39 million), Pakistan (2.13 million), Bangladesh (1.53 million) and Uzbekistan (1.23 million).
How its measured
The Global Slavery Index uses quantitative methods to provide a measure of the prevalence of slavery in 167 countries, and places these figures in the context of what governments are doing to tackle it. The annual Index, informed by the most extensive survey research ever conducted on slavery, is critical in directing efforts to eradicate slavery and understanding the contextual factors that make people vulnerable to modern slavery.The Global Slavery Index is tool for citizens, non-government organizations (NGOs), businesses, and public officials to understand the size of the problem, existing responses, and contributing factors, so they can build sound policies that will end modern slavery. The Walk Free Foundation partners with key stakeholders in countries with the highest prevalence to unequivocally strengthen data, inform regional responses and generate best practice examples to be exported globally.
The research included over 42,000 interviews conducted in 53 languages across 25 countries, which covered 44 per cent of the global population.
The countries with the highest estimated prevalence of modern slavery by the proportion of their population are North Korea, Uzbekistan, Cambodia, Cambodia, India, and Qatar. Bangladesh stands in the 10th position in the list by the proportion of total population.
The countries with the lowest estimated prevalence of modern slavery by the proportion of their population are Luxembourg, Ireland, Norway, Denmark, Switzerland, Austria, Sweden and Belgium, the United States and Canada, and Australia and New Zealand.
The study also tracked the government actions and responses to the modern slavery and of the 161 assessed, 124 nations had criminalized human trafficking in line with the UN trafficking Protocol and 96 nations had developed national action plans to coordinate government response.